PHP中的实用函数

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1、关于重定向
方法一:header("Location: index.php");
方法二:echo "<scrīpt>window.location ="$PHP_SELF";</scrīpt>";
方法三:echo "<META HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh" CONTENT="0; URL=index.php">";
2、获取访问者浏览器

3、获取访问者操作系统
 
CODE:
function osinfo() {
$os="";
$Agent = $GLOBALS["HTTP_USER_AGENT"];
if (eregi('win',$Agent) && strpos($Agent, '95')) {
$os="Windows 95";
}
elseif (eregi('win 9x',$Agent) && strpos($Agent, '4.90')) {
$os="Windows ME";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && ereg('98',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows 98";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt 5.0',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows 2000";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows NT";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt 5.1',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows XP";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && ereg('32',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows 32";
}
elseif (eregi('linux',$Agent)) {
$os="\";
}
elseif (eregi('unix',$Agent)) {
$os="Unix";
}
elseif (eregi('sun',$Agent) && eregi('os',$Agent)) {
$os="SunOS";
}
elseif (eregi('ibm',$Agent) && eregi('os',$Agent)) {
$os="IBM OS/2";
}
elseif (eregi('Mac',$Agent) && eregi('PC',$Agent)) {
$os="Macintosh";
}
elseif (eregi('PowerPC',$Agent)) {
$os="PowerPC";
}
elseif (eregi('AIX',$Agent)) {
$os="AIX";
}
elseif (eregi('HPUX',$Agent)) {
$os="HPUX";
}
elseif (eregi('NetBSD',$Agent)) {
$os="NetBSD";
}
elseif (eregi('BSD',$Agent)) {
$os="BSD";
}
elseif (ereg('OSF1',$Agent)) {
$os="OSF1";
}
elseif (ereg('IRIX',$Agent)) {
$os="IRIX";
}
elseif (eregi('FreeBSD',$Agent)) {
$os="
\";
}
if ($os=='') $os = "Unknown";
return $os;
}
//调用方法$os=os_infor() ;
FreeBSDLinux

4、文件格式类
 
CODE:
$mime_types = array(
'gif' => 'image/gif',
'jpg' => 'image/jpeg',
'jpeg' => 'image/jpeg',
'jpe' => 'image/jpeg',
'bmp' => 'image/bmp',
'png' => 'image/png',
'tif' => 'image/tiff',
'tiff' => 'image/tiff',
'pict' => 'image/x-pict',
'pic' => 'image/x-pict',
'pct' => 'image/x-pict',
'tif' => 'image/tiff',
'tiff' => 'image/tiff',
'psd' => 'image/x-photoshop',

'swf' => 'application/x-shockwave-flash',
'js' => 'application/x-javascrīpt',
'pdf' => 'application/pdf',
'ps' => 'application/postscrīpt',
'eps' => 'application/postscrīpt',
'ai' => 'application/postscrīpt',
'wmf' => 'application/x-msmetafile',

'css' => 'text/css',
'htm' => 'text/html',
'html' => 'text/html',
'txt' => 'text/plain',
'xml' => 'text/xml',
'wml' => 'text/wml',
'wbmp' => 'image/vnd.wap.wbmp',

'mid' => 'audio/midi',
'wav' => 'audio/wav',
'mp3' => 'audio/mpeg',
'mp2' => 'audio/mpeg',

'avi' => 'video/x-msvideo',
'mpeg' => 'video/mpeg',
'mpg' => 'video/mpeg',
'qt' => 'video/quicktime',
'mov' => 'video/quicktime',

'lha' => 'application/x-lha',
'lzh' => 'application/x-lha',
'z' => 'application/x-compress',
'gtar' => 'application/x-gtar',
'gz' => 'application/x-gzip',
'gzip' => 'application/x-gzip',
'tgz' => 'application/x-gzip',
'tar' => 'application/x-tar',
'bz2' => 'application/bzip2',
'zip' => 'application/zip',
'arj' => 'application/x-arj',
'rar' => 'application/x-rar-compressed',

'hqx' => 'application/mac-binhex40',
'sit' => 'application/x-stuffit',
'bin' => 'application/x-macbinary',

'uu' => 'text/x-uuencode',
'uue' => 'text/x-uuencode',

'latex'=> 'application/x-latex',
'ltx' => 'application/x-latex',
'tcl' => 'application/x-tcl',

'pgp' => 'application/pgp',
'asc' => 'application/pgp',
'exe' => 'application/x-msdownload',
'doc' => 'application/msword',
'rtf' => 'application/rtf',
'xls' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel',
'ppt' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint',
'mdb' => 'application/x-msaccess',
'wri' => 'application/x-mswrite',
);

5、php生成excel文档
CODE:
<?
header("Content-type:application/vnd.ms-excel");
header("Content-Disposition:filename=test.xls");
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
echo "test1t";
echo "test2tn";
?>
//改动相应文件头就可以输出.doc .xls等文件格式了

6、时间比较问题
举一个简单例子说明:比如一个论坛对当天发表的贴子用new图片标记一下。
方法一:

方法二:
 
CODE:
$newTag=$db->rows[$i][date]>=date("Y-m-d 00:00:00")?"<img src='../image/newinfor.gif'>":"";


//提取页面和浏览器提交的变量,作用相当于使PHP.INI开了全局变量

CODE:
@extract($_SERVER, EXTR_SKIP);
@extract($_SESSION, EXTR_SKIP);
@extract($_POST, EXTR_SKIP);
@extract($_FILES, EXTR_SKIP);
@extract($_GET, EXTR_SKIP);
@extract($_ENV, EXTR_SKIP);

//得到ip地址
 
CODE:
$ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
$ip1 = getenv('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR');
if (($ip1 != "") && ($ip1 != "unknown")) $ip=$ip1;

//读取文件函数
 
CODE:
function readfromfile($file_name) {
if (file_exists($file_name)) {
$filenum=fopen($file_name,"r");
flock($filenum,LOCK_EX);
$file_data=fread($filenum, filesize($file_name));
rewind($filenum);
fclose($filenum);
return $file_data;
}
}

//写入文件函数
 
CODE:
function writetofile($file_name,$data,$method="w") {
$filenum=fopen($file_name,$method);
flock($filenum,LOCK_EX);
$file_data=fwrite($filenum,$data);
fclose($filenum);
return $file_data;
}

//页面快速转向
 
CODE:
function turntopage($url="index.php",$info = "页面转向中...",$second=2){
print "<html>n<head>n<title>页面转向中....</title>n";
print "<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="$second;url=$url">n";
print "<style type="text/css">n<!--n";
print "td { font-family: "Verdana", "Arial";font-size: 12px}n";
print "A {COLOR: #000000; TEXT-DECORATION: none}n";
print "-->n</style>n";
print "</head>n<body>n";
print "<table width="100%" border="0" align="center">n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td height="200">&nbsp;</td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td align="center">n";
print " <table width="60%" border="0" cellpadding="8" bgcolor="#AA9FFF">n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td height="30" align="center">页面转向提示信息</td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td align="center">$info</td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td align="center">n";
print " <a href="$url">如果你的浏览器不支持自动跳转,请按这里</a></td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print " </table></td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print " <tr>n";
print " <td height="200">&nbsp;</td>n";
print " </tr>n";
print "</table>n";
print "</body>n</html>";
exit;
PHP

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